It’s bad news for Facebook – and then it’s not.
Only a few days ago, a new study by Pew Research Center found evidence of an increasing “Facebook exodus” among young people as well as growing disenchantment with the leading social media platform among older users. According to Pew, 42 per cent of those surveyed in the US had taken a break from Facebook for “several weeks or more” in the last year. A quarter of respondents even said they had deleted Facebook’s mobile app from their smartphones.
A new report by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism and Kantar Media corroborates these findings for a number of other countries. People in Brazil, Germany, the UK and the US, the authors find, are turning away from Facebook for four key reasons: declining relevance, exposure risks, unpleasant environment, and privacy concerns.
Bad news for Facebook? Not quite…
As users turn away from the social media giant for sharing and discussing news, other social media platforms such as instant messaging apps and Instagram are becoming more relevant – and with Instagram, Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp, the Californian company owns most of them.
According to the report, users prefer messaging apps for sharing and discussing news because they can tailor their audience more precisely. Participants also named greater privacy, safety and immediacy as reasons why they prefer messaging apps over Facebook itself.
Yet, the authors suggest that Facebook’s role in news is far from over. The platform is often where news is discovered and then shared and discussed within messaging apps. While some study participants welcomed Facebook’s efforts to de-clutter their News Feeds, particularly the removal of some advertisements, they still valued its role as a news portal.
For publishers, these news are a mixed bag.
One of the main challenges ahead will be connecting with audiences who are talking on closed platforms, particularly WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger.
As the authors write “reducing news in Facebook may not be the answer. People are interested in news and they still value Facebook as a discovery mechanism. They are moving to messaging apps in part to avoid the toxicity of political debate in more open spaces. They prefer to share and discuss news with their real friends. Facebook is being augmented, rather than replaced, by messaging apps: news is surfaced on Facebook and socialised on WhatsApp.”
You might also be interested in Digital News Report: Use Of Social Media For News Falls.
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Tags: Digital News Report 2018, Facebook, Facebook messenger, Google, journalism and social media, News consumption, Pew, Pew Research Center, platforms, Politics, Reuters Institute, Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Social media, Twitter, WhatsApp