Gustavo Cardoso is researcher and professor at ISCTE-IUL, in Lisbon. His main area of study is a Media and Society. Gustavo is also the Associate editor of the International Journal of Comunication, published by the Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, and the Chair of one of the Social Science and Humanities evaluation panel for the Starting Grants from the European Research Council. Gustavo Cardoso is the Director of the Portuguese Media Observatory OberCom and the supervisor of the portuguese EJO website. He has authored many books on media and social change. Aftermath, published by Oxford University Press, is among his latest books.