The idea of professional autonomy is a cornerstone of the journalistic profession and its limitations are considered detrimental to democracy. Sometimes, reporters find their professional independence constrained by their own news organizations, which have particular political or financial concerns.
A new study published in Journalism that looks at the subject of autonomy in the Danish media found that journalists in Denmark feel they have nearly complete freedom to make important choices concerning their work and the content they produce. Read more
Determining the relationship between journalism and politics often amounts to a chicken-and-egg-situation: Who drives whose agenda? Is it media outlets dictating the news of the day or is it politicians and their spin doctors manufacturing the news?
Focusing on election campaigns in Austria, a new study in Journalism Practice examines the interdependence between media outlets and political parties and how it changed over the last four decades. Joseph Seethaler and Gabriele Melischek, both with the Institute for Comparative Media and Communications Studies at Austrian Academy of Sciences, looked at five election campaigns between 1970 and 2008 and analyzed whether, and to what extent, political campaigns set the agenda for news reporting. Read more
The European Journalism Observatory: a project founded by Professor Stephan Russ-Mohl at the Università della Svizzera Italiana in Lugano, has had a fundamental impact on the work of the Department of Journalism and Communication at the public University of Tirana. It has influenced the way we carry out research concerning media in Albania and on the curriculum of studies installed by our department. Read more
A study from Journalism Practice looks at how effective social media is in reaching audiences for news. It compares Facebook and Twitter and suggests that Twitter might just have the advantage. Researchers believe this is the case because Twitter is primarily used for reading and posting tweets, while Facebook has many additional functions. “In other words, Facebook is a social network while Twitter is more of social media—more news-orientated, or more ‘newsful.’ ”
Researchers Ju, Joeng, and Chyi were interested in several different questions: “How many major U.S. newspapers are using Facebook and Twitter to reach social media users?” and “Which social media platform—Facebook or Twitter—is more effective in attaining subscribers?” Read more
Watergate forever changed American journalism. That’s how many American journalists, especially political reporters, remember the relentless, investigative reporting that brought down Richard Nixon. After Watergate (1972-1974) there was no going back to journalistic practices—so prevalent in the 1950s—of cozying up to politicians. But was it solely the Watergate scandal that made journalists assert themselves more aggressively and question political authority? In a recent study Katherine Fink and Michael Schudson from Columbia University argue that there might be other reasons for that shift.
They agree that over the past 50 to 60 years “journalists have come to present themselves as more aggressive, that news stories have grown longer, and that journalists are less willing to have politicians and other government officials frame stories and more likely to advance analysis and context on their own.” In their view, however, a less noticeable but more global change in the culture and mentality of media practitioners took place. Read more
The Pew Internet and American Life Project examines social isolation and new technology.
Lee Rainie, director of the project, set out to test the assumption that the Internet contributes to feelings of isolation. The Pew survey finds that Americans are not as isolated as previously reported. In fact, use of the mobile phone and the Internet is associated with larger and more diverse discussion networks.
For the full Pew report, click here.
Photo: Flickr – MAheSh BaSeDiA
Schweizer Journalist, 2+03/2009