The continuing transformation of journalism not only affects journalists, technologists and media managers. It also presents a challenge for journalism scholars: How can theory keep up with practices that are changing so fast and so dramatically?
A special issue Digital Journalism tries to tackle this challenge by providing an overview of contemporary strategies that theorize the digital transformation of journalism.
Steen Steens and Laura Ahvam, the editors of the special issue, Theories of Journalism in a Digital Age, assess changes in theoretical approach. They analyze keywords and abstracts in two leading publications dedicated to journalism studies, Journalism—Theory, Practice and Criticism and Journalism Studies and detect a “broad paradigmatic change since 2000 from perspectives of political science to sociological perspectives.”
Twelve dead in a newsroom, many injured people. Most of them were working for Charlie Hebdo, a Paris-based satirical magazine. They were writing and drawing the news to be published. And they found death during the first editorial meeting of the year.
After the Charlie Hebdo attack, on January 7, 2015, France has woken to a terrible atmosphere. It was a shocking beginning of year for the country, especially for journalism, freedom of speech and freedom of cartoons.
Knowing this tragic situation, here are six possible scripts for journalism in France in 2015: a display of solidarity, a switch to mobile, a fight over push notifications, a complicated equation between Web and TV, the return of the newsletter and more artificial intelligence within the news.
In 2015 journalism will continue to be shaped by digital technology. Virtual reality could soon enable users to wear their news, or sense it via a headset. Simple news stories will be written by robots and curated by algorithm. Digital security will become more sophisticated, to protect journalists’ sources and, as we shift away from content ownership, the cloud will expand.
Last year, politics and the economy, as well as innovation, influenced the media. 2014 was the year when some journalists became social activists, most notably in Ukraine. Major publishing companies were forced to adapt to new digital trends: integrating newsrooms and moving production from print to online. In many places, particularly Eastern Europe, advertising revenues declined amid challenging economic conditions. It was a particularly dangerous year for journalists: 66 reporters were murdered in 2014, and 119 kidnapped – a 35% increase on the year before.
To mark the start of 2015, European Journalism Observatory (EJO) partners from across Europe present their own media highlights of the past 12 months, and predictions for the year ahead.
The third annual Reuters Institute Digital News Report shows that as the online news environment grows ever more crowded, journalists play an important role in driving traffic to news brands and in encouraging people to pay for them.
The digital age has brought about a shift towards journalists as a key reason for using or trusting particular online sources of news.
The reputation of individual writers is cited as one of the key reasons why people might be prepared to pay for online news. Read more
This article has been amended. Details below.
The Associated Press news agency has developed an open-source tool to help journalists with data mining journalism to assist in original and investigative reporting.
Digital journalists who mine user generated content now have a new tool available. The European Journalism Centre asked a team of respected media analysts including Anthony De Rosa (Circa), Mathew Ingram, Craig Silverman (Poynter) and Steve Buttry to write a book on how best to use UGC. The book is designed to help journalists reporting on crisis situations to avoid the pitfalls involved in using social media as a source of information. The book “The Verification Handbook” is available online in Creative Commons and in ebook format. Read more
Of young adult smartphone users, a gap exists between how users consume information and news—and the technologies that news organizations are utilizing to convey it. The author of this study argues that a combination of location-based services and news are an ideal pair—and no longer just for the weather or traffic. Location-based services allow for the location of every story to be pinpointed. “Legacy news organizations analyzed in this study show that they are failing to keep up with the demand based on what news consumers, particularly young adults, are doing and using on their smartphones,” according to Amy Weiss.
Despite the rise of location-based news technologies with more than 5,300 apps and more than 2,300 news apps, no one has yet combined these technologies. Using location-based services would allow the users to search by what is happening in their neighborhood, as well as read a story that is embedded in a map. Read more